A New Laser-based Sensing System for Monitoring and Control of Webs

A new laser based sensing system for measuring the velocity of the web is proposed in this paper. The doppler shift between the incident light and scattered light from a moving particle contains information about the velocity of the particle. A collimated laser source is incident on the web edge and scattered light is collected. The proposed sensing system measures the true velocity of the web by measuring the doppler shift. The doppler shift is measured by heterodyning the scattered light and incident light. The sensor is capable of measuring the web velocity in all three directions, longitudinal, lateral, and transverse. The measurement of the three true velocity components will be highly beneficial for both monitoring and control of webs. The theory of operation of the sensing system is developed based on the reference beam technique. The methods that will be used for processing various signals are given. The architecture of the sensor is described and construction of the sensing system is underway. The experimental platform developed thus far is discussed in detail.

Fiber-Optic Sensor for Web Velocity Measurement

The design and development of a new fiber-optic sensor for measuring the velocity of a continuous material (also called a web) in material processing systems is described. The development of the proposed sensor is based on the dual beam laser Doppler velocimetry technique and the unique properties of different types of optical fibers. The developed sensor is capable of measuring the true web transport velocity as opposed to the existing methods which infer web transport velocity based on the roller angular speed. Since the sensor design utilizes fibers, signal processing can be performed away from the measurement area, and as a result the sensor can be used in harsh environments within the web processing line. The proposed sensor has been constructed and experiments have been conducted on an experimental web platform. The performance of the sensor is evaluated for a range of web velocities and different web materials. Sensor design, its construction, and a representative sample of the results are presented and discussed.

A Fiber Optic Sensor For Web Edge Detection

A laser based fiber-optic sensor was proposed in our previous work. The sensor developed was based on the principle of scattering of light and the sensitivity directional property of optical fibers. A beam of light is incident on a surface or an edge, the scattered light is received by a linear array of optical fibers. The lateral position of the web edge is determined based on the intensity of light received by each fiber in the fiber array. Static experiments were conducted to show the feasibility of the sensing strategy. In this work, the performance of the sensor is evaluated on an actual web handling platform. The analysis of static and dynamic (with non-zero web transport velocity) experimental data of the sensor under various realistic operating conditions and disturbances is conducted. A direct comparison of the fiber optic sensor and two existing industrial sensors is presented. The experimental data from the sensors are compared using different web materials and under different operating conditions. The new fiber optic sensor is more accurate and the measurements are less noisy. Further, the new sensor overcomes some of the key limitations of existing sensors. The problem of determining the actual position of the web when it is completely outside the sensing window or when it completely covers the sensing windows is resolved; the solution consists of a new configuration. The new configuration also improves the precision of the sensor.

A Novel Edge Sensor for Web Guiding

Existing edge sensors use the concept of blocking/unblocking for measuring web lateral position. The most commonly used sensors employ either ultrasonic or infrared signals to detect the web edge position by measuring the amount of signal attenuation due to blocking/unblocking of the signal. The main drawback of this sensing method is nonuniform signal attenuation due to web material variations and opacity. The research in this paper develops a new sensor which utilizes the phenomena of light scattering from the web edge and the directional sensitivity of optical fibers. A collimated laser beam is incident on the web edge and scattered light is collected by a linear array of fibers spatially positioned above the web edge. The theory of operation and the development of the sensor is described. Experiments are conducted with different web materials to validate the proposed sensing method. A representative sample of the results are presented and discussed.